ketone group

ketone group
ketono grupė statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Karbonilgrupė, susijungusi su dviem anglies atomais. atitikmenys: angl. ketone group rus. кетонная группа

Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas – 2-asis patais. ir papild. leid. – Vilnius: Mokslo ir enciklopedijų leidybos institutas. . 2003.

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  • ketone group — noun a group having the characteristic properties of ketones • Hypernyms: ↑group, ↑radical, ↑chemical group * * * noun : the characteristic group of ketones consisting of carbonyl attached to two carbon atoms * * * Chem. the characteristic group… …   Useful english dictionary

  • ketone group — Chem. the characteristic group occurring in ketones that consists of the carbonyl group attached to two alkyl groups. Also called ketone radical. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ketone — group …   Wikipedia

  • ketone — ketonic /ki ton ik/, adj. /kee tohn/, n. Chem. 1. any of a class of organic compounds containing a carbonyl group, CO, attached to two alkyl groups, as CH3COCH3 or CH3COC2H5. adj. 2. containing the ketone group. [1850 55; < G Keton, aph. alter.… …   Universalium

  • ketone alcohol — A compound containing a carbonyl or ketone group as well as a hydroxyl group; e.g., dihydroxyacetone …   Medical dictionary

  • ketone — chemical group, 1851, from Ger. keton, coined in 1848 by German chemist Leopold Gmelin (1788 1853) from Ger. Aketon, from Fr. acétone (see ACETONE (Cf. acetone)). Its comb. form is keto …   Etymology dictionary

  • ketone — ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ an organic compound containing the group =C=O bonded to two alkyl groups, e.g. acetone. ORIGIN from German Aketon acetone …   English terms dictionary

  • ketone — [kē′tōn΄] n. [Ger keton, arbitrary var. of Fr acétone: see ACETONE] an organic chemical compound containing the carbonyl group, CO, in combination with two hydrocarbon radicals …   English World dictionary

  • ketone — A substance with the carbonyl group linking two carbon atoms; the most important in medicine and the simplest k. is dimethyl k. (acetone). * * * ke·tone kē .tōn n an organic compound (as acetone) with a carbonyl group attached to two carbon atoms …   Medical dictionary

  • Ketone halogenation — In organic chemistry ketone halogenation is a special type of halogenation.The position alpha (next) to the carbonyl group in a ketone is easily halogenated, due to the ability to form an enolate in basic solution, or an enol in acidic solution.… …   Wikipedia

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